Training Terms

Japanese English

Kara te Empty (or Chinese) Hand
Sensei Teacher
Dojo Training Hall
Gi Training Uniform
Zanshin Correct Mental Attitude
Hara Body Centre, source of Ki
Jodan Upper level target (head)
Chudan Mid level target (stomach)
Gedan Low level target (groin)
Yoi Ready
Hajime Begin
Yame Finish, return to Yoi
Kata Form
Tanden Navel
Kihon Basic Technique
Uchi Strike
Kumite Sparring
Tameshi Wara Test of Technique
Yoko Side
Otoshi Downward
Hidari Left
Migi Right
San Ren Tsuki 3 Consecutive Punches
Gohon Kumite 5 Step Sparring
Kihon Ippon Kumite Basic one attack sparring
Ji Yu Kumite Free Sparring
Makiwara Striking Board
Mawatte Turn 180°
Mokusoo Meditation
Nage Throw
Shizen Tai Natural position