Terminology

Numbers

Japanese English

Iti 1
Ni 2
San 3
Si (Chi) 4
Gho 5
Roku 6
Siti 7
Hati 8
Ku 9
Jyu 10

Blocks

Japanese   English

Uke   Block
Age Uke   Rising Block
Shuto Uke   Knife Hand Block
Ate Waza   Smashing Technique
Soto Uke   Outside Block
Ju Ji Uke   Cross (X) Block
Uchi Uke   Inside Block
Gedan Barai   Downward Block
Morote Uke   Augmented Block

Handstrikes

Japanese English

Tsuki Punch
Oi Tsuki Stepping Punch
Gyakutsuki Reverse Punch
Choku Tsuki Straight Punch
Kizame Tsuki Front Hand Snap Punch
Haishu Back Hand
Nukite Spearhand Thrust
Ai Uchi Simultaneous Strike
Ippon Ken Single Knuckle Fist
Shuto Uchi Knife Hand Strike
Awase Tsuki U Punch
Teisho Palm Heel
Tetsui Uchi Bottom Fist Strike
Empi Uchi Elbow strike
Uraken Uchi Back Fist Strike
Yoko Empi Uchi Side Elbow Strike
Haito Uchi Ridge Hand Strike
Seiken Fore Knuckle Fist

Footstrikes

Japanese English

Geri Kick
Keage Snap
Kekome Thrust kick
Mae Geri Keage Front Snap Kick
Yoko Geri Keage Side Snap Kick
Yoko Geri Kekome Side Thrust Kick
Mawashi Geri Roundhouse Kick
Ushiro Geri Back Kick
Fumikome Stamp Kick
Mikazuki Geri Crescent Kick
Tobi Geri Jumping Kick

Stances

Japanese English

Zenkutsu Dachi Front Stance
Kokutsu Dachi Back Stance
Fudo Dachi Rooted stance
Kiba Dachi Straddle leg stance
Neko Ashi Dachi Cat Stance
Heiko Dachi Parallel Stance
Hungetsu Dachi Half Moon Stance
Heisoku Dachi Informal attention Stance
Shiko Dachi Square Stance

Training Terms

Japanese English

Kara te Empty (or Chinese) Hand
Sensei Teacher
Dojo Training Hall
Gi Training Uniform
Zanshin Correct Mental Attitude
Hara Body Centre, source of Ki
Jodan Upper level target (head)
Chudan Mid level target (stomach)
Gedan Low level target (groin)
Yoi Ready
Hajime Begin
Yame Finish, return to Yoi
Kata Form
Tanden Navel
Kihon Basic Technique
Uchi Strike
Kumite Sparring
Tameshi Wara Test of Technique
Yoko Side
Otoshi Downward
Hidari Left
Migi Right
San Ren Tsuki 3 Consecutive Punches
Gohon Kumite 5 Step Sparring
Kihon Ippon Kumite Basic one attack sparring
Ji Yu Kumite Free Sparring
Makiwara Striking Board
Mawatte Turn 180°
Mokusoo Meditation
Nage Throw
Shizen Tai Natural position

Competition Terms

Japanese English

Aka Red
Shiro White
Ippon 1 Full Point in Contest
Shobu Ippon 1 Point Contest (traditional)
Shobu Sanbon 3 Point Contest
Aka (Shiro) no Kachi Victory of Red (White)
Jogai Stepping out of contest area (penalty)
Atoshibaraku 30 seconds to end of Contest
Kamaete Begin
Chui Warning
Tsukete Hajime Re-start of a Match
Encho Sen Extension match
Fukushin Shugo Meeting of Referee & Judges
Waza ari Half Point in Contest
Motonoichi Return to starting positions (contest)
Hansoku disqualification for foul
Hantei Judgement
Hikiwaki Draw
Yame Soremade End of Contest